Chicken Coop / June 8, 2018 / Maryellen
As do it yourself enthusiast who wishes to build own chicken coop you have two options. Option 1 is to consider the elementary requirements and sketch a simple design based on them and then proceed with building the coop yourself. This is cheap yet long and stress-fuelled process with uncertain outcome unless you are professional carpenter or similar. Option 2 is the smart approach that by-passes unnecessary stress while saving the time and the money. It involves getting a set of professionally designed chicken coop plans. With the health and well-being of your chickens in mind the plans present a wide selection of designs carefully produced to ensure that every coop meets legal requirements laid in the farming law. You simply choose the design that suits your individual requirements.
Electrical light is a great idea but you have to make sure that the installation is well hidden and wont become a pecking target. The other thing you have to remember is that with electrical light your bills can get really high so my recommendation is to always search for natural solutions. You have to remember about creating a chicken house of the right size. You should estimate how many chickens you are going to keep and based on that choose an appropriate plan. Each chicken requires from 4 to 5 square feet to feel comfortable. If you are unable to find a perfect fit for your flock always choose bigger coop. Small chicken coops will force your birds to crowd on a very limited space and that can cause disease spreading and in some extreme cases cannibalism.
How big? You need to plan ahead for the size of your coop. Each hen needs a minimum of 4 square feet inside and outside the coop. If you get Bantams figure about 3 square feet per hen since they are smaller. Overcrowded chickens tend to peck at each other which can start a host of problems. For cold weather you want the spacing to be adequate so the chickens can stay warm. Have a quarantine area. A separate area to keep new birds for a week or two allows you to keep your flock healthy. Its also a good area to separate a hen if she becomes ill until she recovers. You can also separate the occasional over-aggressive hen that is pestering the other birds. Make sure the coop is wind and water tight. Your chickens need protection from the elements to stay healthy. They like shade during the heat of the day but also need protection from cold drafts. Use closeable windows for ventilation or a line of screened vents built into the top of north and south facing walls.