Chicken Coop / June 7, 2018 / Maryellen.
The size of our backyard dictates the number of chickens we can keep as well as the size and the shape of their home. Small backyards require better planning in terms of coop designs in order to maximize the use of small spaces. Unless we are just starting most of us understand the role chicken coop plays in maintaining health and safety of our chickens. Experts estimate that three-quarters of chickens health problems and diseases are easily preventable simply by providing suitable chicken coop and optimized living conditions. In addition even in urban areas chickens are target of many predators. Chickens entire safety depends on the chosen building plan and the resulting coop be it our own plan or the professional one.
As more people strive to be self-reliant they are choosing to raise chickens in their backyards. Choosing the right chicken coop is essential to keeping your flock healthy and happy. Backyard chickens are becoming popular today in many cities including Albuquerque Seattle and New York. Cities across the nation are revising their local zoning and land-use laws to include backyard chickens in the regulations. Before bringing new chickens home to your backyard though you need to carefully choose the right chicken coop for your situation. Be sure to check your local city regulations before buying your chickens. Talk to city officials. How many chickens are you allowed in your yard? What is the distance they need to be kept from dwellings? Any other special regulations?
To protect your chickens from predators the best thing to do is to bury your outside runs with chicken wire all around the coop about 1 foot deep. This will prevent some very hungry predators such as raccoons cats and even dogs from digging underneath it. You may be wondering how to build a chicken coop that will not only keep your chickens locked up and protected from bad weather and predators yet receive the proper ventilation it requires. If so then you already understand the importance of draft free air movement from within the coop. Chickens much like humans need fresh air and oxygen. The same goes for the removal of unwanted excessive moisture and carbon dioxide. A chicken coop with ample air movement and proper ventilation will help remove the ammonia build up and dampness that may grow inside its walls.
You have already taken care in protecting your chicken coops from drafts. At the same time you will need to maintain ventilation in the coop allowing free air movement throughout. The chickens inside the coop are quite safe with cold being kept out but at the same time they would need air to breathe. It is very necessary that the carbon dioxide accumulating inside your chicken coop be removed regularly replaced by fresh air in order that the chickens can breathe. There has to be ample movement of fresh air inside with cold drafts being kept away from entering the coop. You would want your chickens to be kept warm during the cold months and yet have solid source of ventilation during the hot months of the year. Placing your chicken coop facing the South would be a good idea where the coop may get Sunlight and air through-out the day.
In past times chickens used to live in barns stables and even on peoples balconies. In our modern times we have farming law in place that sets the basic chicken keeping standards including the basics that their home needs to provide. Anyone who has built a coop or kept chickens in the past knows the risk of chickens rejecting the coop if they do not like it or becoming ill and even dying if the coop fails to meet the basic health requirements. For example the coop that retains moist and gives way to air-borne mould is the source of ongoing respiratory problems that may even kill the chickens. Prior to building the coop think of incorporating the following elementary requirements: natural light ventilation insulation electricity suitable floor and floor covering and so on.