Chicken Coop / February 24, 2018 / Maryellen.
To begin a basic design/implementation plan is needed to construct the coop. A person who has never built a chicken coop before should look at some pre-existing designs of coops that were built in the past. An individual does not have to be an expert carpenter to put together the coop but he or she needs to make sure that the coop is put together properly. Once a person gets ideas of how the coop should be laid out and constructed he or she then needs to make a rough drawing of how the coop would potentially be laid out on his or her property. The area around the coop needs to be on high ground to ensure that it is not flooded in the event of inclement weather. Having the correct materials and maintenance is also a must for constructing a chicken coop. Materials that are simple to sanitize and clean should be used to construct the coop as the parts of the coop will need to regularly be sanitized and disinfected. The materials should be easy to clean and not expensive.
How big? You need to plan ahead for the size of your coop. Each hen needs a minimum of 4 square feet inside and outside the coop. If you get Bantams figure about 3 square feet per hen since they are smaller. Overcrowded chickens tend to peck at each other which can start a host of problems. For cold weather you want the spacing to be adequate so the chickens can stay warm. Have a quarantine area. A separate area to keep new birds for a week or two allows you to keep your flock healthy. Its also a good area to separate a hen if she becomes ill until she recovers. You can also separate the occasional over-aggressive hen that is pestering the other birds. Make sure the coop is wind and water tight. Your chickens need protection from the elements to stay healthy. They like shade during the heat of the day but also need protection from cold drafts. Use closeable windows for ventilation or a line of screened vents built into the top of north and south facing walls.
As do it yourself enthusiast who wishes to build own chicken coop you have two options. Option 1 is to consider the elementary requirements and sketch a simple design based on them and then proceed with building the coop yourself. This is cheap yet long and stress-fuelled process with uncertain outcome unless you are professional carpenter or similar. Option 2 is the smart approach that by-passes unnecessary stress while saving the time and the money. It involves getting a set of professionally designed chicken coop plans. With the health and well-being of your chickens in mind the plans present a wide selection of designs carefully produced to ensure that every coop meets legal requirements laid in the farming law. You simply choose the design that suits your individual requirements.
A Chicken coop without free air movement and therefore more oxygen will have high carbon monoxide levels and humidity levels. This is not good because uncomfortable chickens do not produce as many eggs. It is also very dangerous because it makes mold growth within the walls very easy. To build a chicken coop properly insulating the walls is very important. The walls of the chicken coop need to have good insulation installed. This will help keep the chickens warm in the winter and cool in the summer. The insulation will also help to keep the coop at optimum humidity levels. When the chickens are kept at the optimum humidity levels they produce more eggs. Insulating the walls will also help to keep the chickens dry. In colder climates when your chickens are dry they can withstand the cold well.
Proper ventilation and lighting is also a must when building a chicken coop. Chickens need a fresh supply of air to keep carbon dioxide and moisture from building up in the coop. The walls of the coop need to be insulated during cold winter months. The coop also needs to be lit up well in order to keep the coop warm; this in fact aids the chickens in the coop in laying more eggs throughout the year. Last but not least the coop needs to have adequate water and food supplies that are easily accessible to the chickens in it. Feeders should be placed above the ground to prevent chickens from making a mess. It is a must to constantly supply fresh food and water for the chickens and to sanitize the coop to prevent food build up. In conclusion people who wish to supply their families with a constant supply of meat and eggs as well as having garden fertilizer may very well be interested in learning how to build chicken coops. This is not hard to do and the steps involved include having a basic design/implementation plan for the coop; having the correct materials and maintenance for the coops construction; ensuring that the construction coop is protected from environmental constraints; making sure that the coop has proper ventilation and lighting; and thinking about water and food for the chickens who will be housed in the coop.