Chicken Coop / May 27, 2018 / Maryellen
The worst error made is not planning ahead of time. It is very important to consider how many chickens will live in your coop? The size of the chickens is also very important. You also need to think about how many nests you want to have in your coop and how big they will be. How will the chickens be fed? Where will you place their food and water? Where will your coop be placed? If it is a shady area be sure to make room for more windows to let in sun light. Do you have enough room for a chicken run to allow easy access into and out of the coop? So there are a lot of questions to answer before you even begin to buy materials an draw up plans. You need to not only build a stable structure but also keep your chickens happy and safe. Planning properly will prevent a lot of problems in the future.
Use appropriate building materials. Wood on the bottom of the coop that is in contact with the soil will eventually rot. Redwood and cedar are rot-resistant and excellent choices. Pine is cheaper and may need replacing in the future or require treatment. Be aware that preservatives put on wood might be poisonous to chickens. Use metal fiberglass or wood shingles for the roof. Perches. Chickens need to perch off the ground at night. You can be creative making perches from broom handles natural branches or 2x2s rounded and sanded (1x2 for bantams). Figure 6-10 inches of perching space per hen or 6-8 inches for bantams. Nesting boxes. Provide 1 nesting box for every 4-5 hens. They will often share a nest. Build the boxes where you can reach in through a hinged door for easy access to collect the eggs.
Furthermore the coop should have sliding windows to prevent the chickens inside of it from roosting on the windows and the floor should be sloped in the direction of the door to ensure easy cleaning as well as to make it easier for rainwater to flow out of the coop. Ensuring that the coop is protected from environmental factors is rather critical when building a chicken coop as well. This means that the chickens inside of the coop need to be offered protection from bad weather predators and people looking to steal them. To accomplish all of these elements the coop needs to be placed in a high area and be well drained. It also must absolutely have exposure to the sun to ensure a warm and dry environment for the chickens and strong mesh wire needs to be placed around it to keep predators such as cats and foxes out.