Chicken Coop / June 2, 2018 / Maryellen.
Speaking of walls the chicken coop walls should have proper insulation installed which will help keep the chickens dry. As long as chickens are dry they can handle cold climates very well but humidity plus cold weather will cause health issues for your poultry. Therefore insulated walls are a must! If you want a good source of light and warmth for your chickens during the cold months of the year and a solid source of ventilation during the hot months then be sure to install the chicken coop windows facing the southside where they will receive direct sunlight throughout the day. On another note if your goal is to raise chickens that will produce great eggs all year round then you should look into an electrical source of light. You should be able to easily install an electrical light at the height of the chicken coops ceiling which will help keep your chickens warm and help them lay better chicken eggs throughout the year. One ceiling light should be enough for a small scale chicken coop for larger chicken coops though try to install one electrical ceiling light per every 30 - 40 feet.
When you build a chicken coop you must consider how will you keep the floors clean in your coop. First you will need to cover them with a good material for the chickens to dig and scratch as they naturally do. Hay is unfortunately not ideal for this. Second you should build the coop with the floors slightly sloping towards the door. This way you can spray the hose in the coop and the dirt on the floor easily slides out to the ground below. You will have a clean coop and no puddles of water in the coop. Building a chicken coop is to protect your flock. The purpose of your coop is to protect your chickens from the element and outside predators but you also need to give them proper ventilation. Free movement of air inside the coop is very important but you do not want to freeze your chickens with a draft. Chickens are like humans they can only perform at their optimum levels if all of their basic needs are met first in this case protection and oxygen.
As more people strive to be self-reliant they are choosing to raise chickens in their backyards. Choosing the right chicken coop is essential to keeping your flock healthy and happy. Backyard chickens are becoming popular today in many cities including Albuquerque Seattle and New York. Cities across the nation are revising their local zoning and land-use laws to include backyard chickens in the regulations. Before bringing new chickens home to your backyard though you need to carefully choose the right chicken coop for your situation. Be sure to check your local city regulations before buying your chickens. Talk to city officials. How many chickens are you allowed in your yard? What is the distance they need to be kept from dwellings? Any other special regulations?
How big? You need to plan ahead for the size of your coop. Each hen needs a minimum of 4 square feet inside and outside the coop. If you get Bantams figure about 3 square feet per hen since they are smaller. Overcrowded chickens tend to peck at each other which can start a host of problems. For cold weather you want the spacing to be adequate so the chickens can stay warm. Have a quarantine area. A separate area to keep new birds for a week or two allows you to keep your flock healthy. Its also a good area to separate a hen if she becomes ill until she recovers. You can also separate the occasional over-aggressive hen that is pestering the other birds. Make sure the coop is wind and water tight. Your chickens need protection from the elements to stay healthy. They like shade during the heat of the day but also need protection from cold drafts. Use closeable windows for ventilation or a line of screened vents built into the top of north and south facing walls.
Like anything else building a chicken coop can be a challenge. Do not become frustrated or impatient. You have planned correctly sketched a design gathered the right materials and chosen a perfect spot to build your chicken coop. It will take time to build the coop and you may run into little issues along the way. Do not worry just enjoy building a home for your flock of friends. There you have it relevant and useful tips on how to build your chicken coop. There are a lot of free resources out there where you can get plans and tips on building your chicken coop and how to keep your chickens happy and keep them producing many healthy eggs for you. I often post to this blog and get a lot of great tips from there. It gives great tips and tricks on how to Build a Chicken Coop. You can even get plans and experienced backyard and rural chicken farmers share their expertise.