Chicken Coop / June 1, 2018 / Maryellen.
To protect your chickens from predators the best thing to do is to bury your outside runs with chicken wire all around the coop about 1 foot deep. This will prevent some very hungry predators such as raccoons cats and even dogs from digging underneath it. You may be wondering how to build a chicken coop that will not only keep your chickens locked up and protected from bad weather and predators yet receive the proper ventilation it requires. If so then you already understand the importance of draft free air movement from within the coop. Chickens much like humans need fresh air and oxygen. The same goes for the removal of unwanted excessive moisture and carbon dioxide. A chicken coop with ample air movement and proper ventilation will help remove the ammonia build up and dampness that may grow inside its walls.
To begin a basic design/implementation plan is needed to construct the coop. A person who has never built a chicken coop before should look at some pre-existing designs of coops that were built in the past. An individual does not have to be an expert carpenter to put together the coop but he or she needs to make sure that the coop is put together properly. Once a person gets ideas of how the coop should be laid out and constructed he or she then needs to make a rough drawing of how the coop would potentially be laid out on his or her property. The area around the coop needs to be on high ground to ensure that it is not flooded in the event of inclement weather. Having the correct materials and maintenance is also a must for constructing a chicken coop. Materials that are simple to sanitize and clean should be used to construct the coop as the parts of the coop will need to regularly be sanitized and disinfected. The materials should be easy to clean and not expensive.
Insulating the walls will not only keep your chickens producing eggs but it will prevent your chickens from getting sick. If you build a chicken coop obviously the water and the chicken feeders need to be in a place where your chickens can easily access them. It is important to be very careful in selecting a place to put the water and the feeders.Chickens can make a big mess of things because of their natural instinct to scratch and dig. It is very frustrating to see water and the chicken feed you just put out all over the floor. To prevent this place the feeder and the water at the height of a chicken back. Ideally the chickens will have to stretch their necks up to the food a little bit to eat and drink but they will not be able to place their feet in their food or water.
A chicken coop is a kind of enclosure in which the chickens are kept. The interior of the housing have nest boxes for the chickens to lay eggs and also has perches for the birds to sleep on. The inside and outside of a chicken coops is usually covered with material such as straw or wood chips. These collect the chicken waste making it easier to clean. A chicken coop would usually have enough ventilation for air circulation helping airing out any odors that may occur. Before you get on to constructing a chickens coop sketch out the design of the kind of coop you need. It is not only the construction that you need to chalk out but also the colors that you are going to use on the roof and walls of your chicken coop. The coop should not act as a distraction to your neighborhood if it is clearly visible to your neighbors or be a defacement of the surroundings where you live. Therefore your chicken coop should have an aesthetic design and have no complaints from your neighbors.
Use appropriate building materials. Wood on the bottom of the coop that is in contact with the soil will eventually rot. Redwood and cedar are rot-resistant and excellent choices. Pine is cheaper and may need replacing in the future or require treatment. Be aware that preservatives put on wood might be poisonous to chickens. Use metal fiberglass or wood shingles for the roof. Perches. Chickens need to perch off the ground at night. You can be creative making perches from broom handles natural branches or 2x2s rounded and sanded (1x2 for bantams). Figure 6-10 inches of perching space per hen or 6-8 inches for bantams. Nesting boxes. Provide 1 nesting box for every 4-5 hens. They will often share a nest. Build the boxes where you can reach in through a hinged door for easy access to collect the eggs.