Chicken Coop / June 5, 2018 / Maryellen.
Use appropriate building materials. Wood on the bottom of the coop that is in contact with the soil will eventually rot. Redwood and cedar are rot-resistant and excellent choices. Pine is cheaper and may need replacing in the future or require treatment. Be aware that preservatives put on wood might be poisonous to chickens. Use metal fiberglass or wood shingles for the roof. Perches. Chickens need to perch off the ground at night. You can be creative making perches from broom handles natural branches or 2x2s rounded and sanded (1x2 for bantams). Figure 6-10 inches of perching space per hen or 6-8 inches for bantams. Nesting boxes. Provide 1 nesting box for every 4-5 hens. They will often share a nest. Build the boxes where you can reach in through a hinged door for easy access to collect the eggs.
To protect your chickens from predators the best thing to do is to bury your outside runs with chicken wire all around the coop about 1 foot deep. This will prevent some very hungry predators such as raccoons cats and even dogs from digging underneath it. You may be wondering how to build a chicken coop that will not only keep your chickens locked up and protected from bad weather and predators yet receive the proper ventilation it requires. If so then you already understand the importance of draft free air movement from within the coop. Chickens much like humans need fresh air and oxygen. The same goes for the removal of unwanted excessive moisture and carbon dioxide. A chicken coop with ample air movement and proper ventilation will help remove the ammonia build up and dampness that may grow inside its walls.
Be sure to replace the water and the chicken feed daily. Build your chicken coop facing the south so that the coop will receive sunlight throughout the day. For the winter months when the days are shorter and there is less sunlight it is important to install a light in the coop. This is not difficult. They have lights that you can just stick to the walls at any local hardware store you do not have to be an electrician it is as easy as putting a sticker on a paper.Installing this light will be well worth the few dollars you spend to do it. It will keep your chickens warm and happy and keep your egg production up in the winter when most chicken farmers experience a fall off of production because the chickens get less light and warmth.
The next dramatic result of keeping your chickens in a small space is aggression. Chickens that dont have enough room can become aggressive towards you other members of the flock and the chicken coop itself. They also tend to break their own eggs so pay attention to the size of your chicken house. Budget is a very important factor you should consider while learning how to build a chicken coop. It can be the single reason that will kill your entire undertaking. That is why you should always establish how much you can spend before starting to build. There are many ways you can cut the cost of construction. One of the most obvious ones is buying cheaper but still usable materials. This however requires information on what kind of materials are chicken safe and which arent.
You have made a great decision and will soon be on your way to reaping the benefits of raising chickens; not only do they produce healthier than "store bought" eggs the make great pets. It is important however to make sure you build your chickens a good home. After all the coop you build for them will be where they lay their eggs and a vital protector from anything that may threaten your chickens. Building a chicken coop is much better than purchasing one already prefabricated. Not only will building your own allow you to personalize it with your unique style you can build it to fit your brood of chickens perfectly you can ensure quality of the craftsmanship and you will save a lot of money! There are some very critical errors that people make when they build their coops. Follow these 5 helpful hints so that you avoid the errors that people often make and build a strong backyard chicken coop.