Chicken House / June 9, 2018 / Maryellen
Light. You need light in your chicken coop to stimulate egg laying. Particularly if you want your hens to lay eggs all year round. As a rule of thumb you should have 1 light every 40 feet inside you chicken building. If you are just building a small chicken coop it will be sufficient to have a single light above the watering/feeding section. As a bonus the light(s) will also be a source of heat for your chickens in the colder months. Perches. Your chickens have a natural instinct to perch so you must provide them with appropriate perches otherwise they will perch on nesting boxes feeders and anything else around the coop. This would then lead to these important areas getting covered in droppings which is certainly undesirable. It is as simple as using broom handles for your perches. Again it is important that your chickens have adequate space on the perches so as a rule of thumb allow 8 inches of perch space per chicken. To make it easy to keep the chicken coop clean slip some trays under the perches so the droppings land directly in them you can then pull the trays out to clean them.
Breeders are often faced with choosing between a small chicken coop or something larger and this decision is dependent on factors such as the number of chickens to be bred. The size of the building must be right for the number of chickens. A chicken coop will provide ease of access and use so that the chickens can be properly fed and exercised increasing their ability to lay eggs. If the intention is to raise no more than four or five chickens then a small coop will be ideal. A small number of chickens in a small coop can provide eggs for a single family. Fewer chickens are easier to monitor and control which means they will remain healthier with less possibility of spreading disease. A chicken coop makes it easier to collect eggs and is also much easier to keep clean.
The safer and more expensive flooring for a chicken coop is concrete and it is the most sanitize type of flooring as well. Using wood as flooring is prone to rotting and rodents can possibly penetrate through it. The roosts must not be too large or too small and must be made of metal or plastic. The chicken nest must be at least 12 x 15 inches in length and 13 inches deep. Placing some litters is important to prevent the eggs to crack. When building the chicken coop you need to build two-way doors. One is for you to fit in and the other should be big enough for your chicken to pass through. Many find building a chicken coop fun to do. You can always build coop easily using the right tools and a construction plan to keep everything in the proper order.