Chicken Coop / May 30, 2018 / Maryellen.
If you want to learn how to build a chicken coop so it will meet expectations and needs of your chickens this article is for you. Chickens arent choosy animals but they require few things in their life to stay happy health and lay eggs regularly. However this article isnt only about convenience of your chickens by following tips I share below you will be building a chicken coop that is easier and faster to clean as well as keep in good condition. Chicken are very dependent on light when it comes to their life cycle. They go to sleep when it is getting dark and wake up with sunrise. That is why you have to build windows in your chicken coop that will supply a lot of light.
It is a big mistake to simply go with a vision you have in mind. Very closely related to the planning aspect is making sure you have a clear design for your coop. Draw plans for both the inside and the outside. It doesnt matter if you are not a professional it is just important to have direction when you are building. Be sure to also sketch and plan the various angles of your coop. The sides bottom and top. If you are a novice carpenter and it is your first time building a backyard chicken coop keep it simple. As your flock of chickens grows and you learn more about how chicken behave and what works for your space you can always go back and redesign and improve your coop. Stay organized. Before you begin construction on your chicken coop gather all of the materials you will need. this will save you time energy and the frustration. Of course the amount of materials you will need will vary with your design. However most coops will require: wood chicken wire or fence wire insulation nails screws saws various tools and a hammer.
You should also consider an electrical light source which will help the chickens produce great eggs all the year round. This light could easily be installed at the height of the chicken coops ceiling and this would help in keeping the chickens warm and lay better eggs through-out the year. You should always check if the water and chicken feeders have been put in the right places and the flock has easy access to those areas. You should also take care in placing the containers knowing that the chickens like to make a mess of everything they eat. Try and place the feeders at the back of the chicken at a height where the chickens have to stretch their necks to eat and would not be able to reach the feeders with their feet.
The size of our backyard dictates the number of chickens we can keep as well as the size and the shape of their home. Small backyards require better planning in terms of coop designs in order to maximize the use of small spaces. Unless we are just starting most of us understand the role chicken coop plays in maintaining health and safety of our chickens. Experts estimate that three-quarters of chickens health problems and diseases are easily preventable simply by providing suitable chicken coop and optimized living conditions. In addition even in urban areas chickens are target of many predators. Chickens entire safety depends on the chosen building plan and the resulting coop be it our own plan or the professional one.
How big? You need to plan ahead for the size of your coop. Each hen needs a minimum of 4 square feet inside and outside the coop. If you get Bantams figure about 3 square feet per hen since they are smaller. Overcrowded chickens tend to peck at each other which can start a host of problems. For cold weather you want the spacing to be adequate so the chickens can stay warm. Have a quarantine area. A separate area to keep new birds for a week or two allows you to keep your flock healthy. Its also a good area to separate a hen if she becomes ill until she recovers. You can also separate the occasional over-aggressive hen that is pestering the other birds. Make sure the coop is wind and water tight. Your chickens need protection from the elements to stay healthy. They like shade during the heat of the day but also need protection from cold drafts. Use closeable windows for ventilation or a line of screened vents built into the top of north and south facing walls.