Chicken House / February 14, 2018 / Maryellen.
Damp areas can be a breeding ground for bacteria and other organisms that can bring diseases to your chicken. Choose a coop design that allows proper ventilation and insulation for your chicken. Make sure also that they can get much natural light as well. Make sure that your coop keeps away your chickens from predators and other animals that can harm them. Install fences and chicken wires and make sure that the windows and doors do not provide entrance for the predators. Keep in mind that some predators can dig into the soil to prey on your chicken so make sure your coop design does not allow that. You can also opt for a mobile chicken coop if you want to avoid predators from coming back to the place where the coop was once located.
To protect your little egg producing friends safe from predators you will want to bury the run wall supports and chicken wire as deep as you are able over a foot where possible this should be deep enough to stop most predators digging under. It is paramount to make sure that your chickens remain happy and more-so healthy. There are many enhancements that you can add or make to their living quarters in order to achieve this. Chickens are susceptible to the elements much the same as humans and it is important to think of them in this way. You can help by adding things like insulation to the walls of the coop to stop cold drafts and damp winds blowing through. They will want and need ventilation but not so it disrupts their environment too much. It should be stated here that a damp chicken environment can and will cause your chickens ill health. Cold they can handle as long as they do not get damp.
You can build a fancy coop or simply create one that is simply on a box shaped design. Regardless of your coop design styles you need to observe standard requirements to build coop. One is the dimension of the coop which is important in giving the chicken adequate space. Crowded environment to live can give opportunity for various ailments to occur in your chicken. The minimum space requirements for poultry will depend on the type of your chicken. Bantam chicken and quail will require a minimum space of 1 sq ft. layer hen and large chicken will need 2 sq. ft. Pheasant 5 sq. ft. ducks 3 sq. ft. and geese 6 sq. ft. Vents are helpful when you build a chicken coop. It is ideal to place the vent on either the east or south side of the coop. This will protect the chicken from cool drafts by promoting appropriate flow of air into the coop.
A smaller coop is easily constructed as it does not contain a large number of unnecessary amenities. It can sit directly on the ground but more often is mounted slightly raised on cinder blocks keeping it safe from flooding and other moisture that can cause the wood and other materials to rot as well as providing a breeding ground for mosquitoes. The coop usually has a regular size door for access to clean the coop and let the chickens out. Also a smaller coop will consist of no more than one or two windows with an additional ventilation hole on the roof closed with chicken wire. The roof itself is usually slanted to allow water to run off and away from the coop. A small chicken house will usually have roosts on one side with nesting boxes on the other. The roosts are often elevated and closed by a small door in order to ensure that the chickens are safe during the night. A small coop may or may not include an exercise area however breeders often fence off an area outside the door of the building to allow the chickens to roam freely during the day.
Bantam chickens have tendencies to jump really high and some can almost fly across an entire field. Therefore you want to make sure that if your chicken coop has an attached chicken pen or chicken run it is covered with a high net or its surroundings have really high fences. The last thing you want is for your bantam chicken to fly over your fence because they are not smart enough to jump back across. Bantams can be quite feisty. As cute as they are bantam roosters can become quite aggressive when their territory is threatened. You may want to separate the chicken coop into smaller compartments with chicken wire. Keep one rooster per every three hens. Be aware of injured bantams. For some strange reason I have had many of my bantam chickens get eaten alive by the other bantams. This may sound absurd but it is true. Chickens tend to peck at each other at times and if they draw blood the other chickens will begin pecking at the blood and eventually killing off the innocent chicken. This is why you should remove any chicken that you notice has been pecked or injured and keep it in its own cage for a week until it heals. By following the chicken coop plans above you should have an easier time raising bantam chickens in your backyard. Bantams can be quite adorable but they require a lot of maintenance and care if you truly want to get the best out of your chicken flock.