Chicken House / June 1, 2018 / Maryellen
Nesting Boxes. If you are keeping chickens for the eggs your coop needs to have at least 1 nesting box for every 5 or 6 female chickens. The nests should be comfortable and dark so your hens feel safe in them. You should put straw or wood shavings in the nest boxes and make the boxes at least 4 inches deep. If the boxes are not deep enough your chickens may fight and pick each others feathers. You should keep the nesting boxes clean at all times so the eggs remain clean. Hens should be trained not to sleep in the nesting boxes because if they do they will soil the area with their droppings. You should not have a problem with hens sleeping in the nesting boxes f you have given your chickens adequate perching space. If you find some stubborn hens that do want to sleep in the nests close them off at night.
Building a chicken coop will also involve creating good coop insulation that will keep the chicken warm and comfortable during winter season. It is also beneficial during summer as well. It suggested that a 1.5 inch of Styrofoam sheet placed between the ceilings and the walls is ideal. Painting the walls with white paint also helps reflect the summer heat. Some prefer using aluminum roof while tall plants just around the coop will provide better shade for the coop. The flooring of the chicken coop may be of different building materials. Packing down plain dirt to create a solid foundation is the cheapest flooring for a chicken coop. It is however most vulnerable to rodents digging from underground to get to their prey.
Breeders are often faced with choosing between a small chicken coop or something larger and this decision is dependent on factors such as the number of chickens to be bred. The size of the building must be right for the number of chickens. A chicken coop will provide ease of access and use so that the chickens can be properly fed and exercised increasing their ability to lay eggs. If the intention is to raise no more than four or five chickens then a small coop will be ideal. A small number of chickens in a small coop can provide eggs for a single family. Fewer chickens are easier to monitor and control which means they will remain healthier with less possibility of spreading disease. A chicken coop makes it easier to collect eggs and is also much easier to keep clean.