Chicken House / June 5, 2018 / Maryellen.
You can build a fancy coop or simply create one that is simply on a box shaped design. Regardless of your coop design styles you need to observe standard requirements to build coop. One is the dimension of the coop which is important in giving the chicken adequate space. Crowded environment to live can give opportunity for various ailments to occur in your chicken. The minimum space requirements for poultry will depend on the type of your chicken. Bantam chicken and quail will require a minimum space of 1 sq ft. layer hen and large chicken will need 2 sq. ft. Pheasant 5 sq. ft. ducks 3 sq. ft. and geese 6 sq. ft. Vents are helpful when you build a chicken coop. It is ideal to place the vent on either the east or south side of the coop. This will protect the chicken from cool drafts by promoting appropriate flow of air into the coop.
Choose a coop kit size appropriate for your chickens. There are different sizes of coop kits available in the market. If you have small a number of chickens and you are not planning to expand it then a small coop is applicable. A standard 4x4 coop will house 3-4 standard hens comfortably. However if you have a big number of chickens a bigger coop is needed to house all of them comfortably. Remember each adult chicken needs 4 square feet of free space thus a 4x4 coop provides 16 square feet of space for 4 chickens. Chickens need to run around and exercise as well as to get some fresh air. They also love to scratch around. Therefore a chicken run is important. There are some coops that provide a chicken run attached to it. Most of the time it is included in the coop but you can also buy it separately. You can also do it yourself by adding simple wood frame and some good gauge wire.
Breeders are often faced with choosing between a small chicken coop or something larger and this decision is dependent on factors such as the number of chickens to be bred. The size of the building must be right for the number of chickens. A chicken coop will provide ease of access and use so that the chickens can be properly fed and exercised increasing their ability to lay eggs. If the intention is to raise no more than four or five chickens then a small coop will be ideal. A small number of chickens in a small coop can provide eggs for a single family. Fewer chickens are easier to monitor and control which means they will remain healthier with less possibility of spreading disease. A chicken coop makes it easier to collect eggs and is also much easier to keep clean.
Damp areas can be a breeding ground for bacteria and other organisms that can bring diseases to your chicken. Choose a coop design that allows proper ventilation and insulation for your chicken. Make sure also that they can get much natural light as well. Make sure that your coop keeps away your chickens from predators and other animals that can harm them. Install fences and chicken wires and make sure that the windows and doors do not provide entrance for the predators. Keep in mind that some predators can dig into the soil to prey on your chicken so make sure your coop design does not allow that. You can also opt for a mobile chicken coop if you want to avoid predators from coming back to the place where the coop was once located.
A smaller coop is easily constructed as it does not contain a large number of unnecessary amenities. It can sit directly on the ground but more often is mounted slightly raised on cinder blocks keeping it safe from flooding and other moisture that can cause the wood and other materials to rot as well as providing a breeding ground for mosquitoes. The coop usually has a regular size door for access to clean the coop and let the chickens out. Also a smaller coop will consist of no more than one or two windows with an additional ventilation hole on the roof closed with chicken wire. The roof itself is usually slanted to allow water to run off and away from the coop. A small chicken house will usually have roosts on one side with nesting boxes on the other. The roosts are often elevated and closed by a small door in order to ensure that the chickens are safe during the night. A small coop may or may not include an exercise area however breeders often fence off an area outside the door of the building to allow the chickens to roam freely during the day.